Business Loan Background
Business loans are the primary source of funding for businesses in the development or start-up stage. A business loan is a source of financial capital given to a company by a lender or banking institution. The assets awarded aid the company with their development and maintenance, while the lending institution is promised the full repayment of the business loan plus interest. In order to receive a business loan, a business typically needs to display a strong credit history, income statement, a source of collateral, and a strong business plan.
Small Business Loan
A small business loan is sought out by companies who recently began instituting their business model. Typically these loans are awarded to help small companies develop and expand their new business. Small business loans are capital awarded to the company; the small business loan must be repaid by the company over a specified period of time and under a specified amount of interest.
As a result of the company’s novelty, the lender in a small business loan agreement will stringently qualify the applicant and evaluate their ability to repay the loan in full. To promote the entrepreneurial spirit, the Federal Government has instituted various programs to aid small businesses in acquiring loans. Typically these loans are attached higher interest rates than the loans awarded to established companies.
Business Start-Up Loans
Loans awarded to start-up companies are somewhat rare in regards to the inclusion of a lender or financial company. The prospects of most start-up companies are bleak; a large percentage of these business models fail. As a result of their risk, lenders rarely offer loans to them out of fear of default.
Typically loans awarded to these companies are given through investors or family members. That being said, loans for start-up companies are still awarded by some lending companies. The loans associated with these companies are short-term loans with exorbitant interest rates and a mandatory inclusion of collateral. The characteristics of this loan–the high interest rates, the inclusion of collateral, and the brevity of the loan–mitigate the lender’s risk associated with default.
Small Business Start-Up Loan
A small business start-up loan is similar to a regular start-up loan. If the start-up company does not contain any investors, a sound business model, or a long term goal, it is unlikely that the start-up company will receive a small business loan from a lending institution.
Typically, small business start-ups fail, increasing the risk of defaulting and decreasing the chances of a bank offering a loan. That being said, there are numerous Government programs that can aid in a start-up’s ability to seek out and receive a loan.
New Business Loan vs. Existing Business Loan
A new business loan, because of the company’s non-established status, will typically have a higher interest rate, a shorter term, and a mandatory presence of capital. In contrast, established companies who have a proven track record and an ability to produce assets or financial capital will be awarded a business loan without any complications or stipulations attached.
The existing business benefits because of its ability to repay the loan; there is less risk associated with default because an established company can produce income more readily than a start-up. The characteristics of a loan–the interest rate, the amount of money lent, the term of the loan, and the inclusion of collateral–are all dependent on the businesses ability or their implied ability to repay the loan.
Bad Credit Business Loan
Bad credit business loans are available to all companies that possess a credit score under 650. Although a company with a faulty credit score has displayed, in its past, a susceptibility to defaulting on loans or payments, it is still able to receive a bad credit business loans. These types of loans are commonly attached with high interest rates and shorter terms. In addition, collateral is mandatory. All of these stipulations mitigate the lender’s exposure to losing money on the loan.
The bleak state of the economy has forced many lenders to stray away from this practice. However, if a business can demonstrate a sound model and an ability to expand, a bad credit business loan can be obtained.
Unsecured Business Loans
An unsecured business loan is commonly offered to a business or entity seeking a low-level avenue of financing. Unsecured business loans do not require collateral; they do not mandate the borrower to include an asset as a pledge or a source of collateral for receiving the loan.
Collateral provides the lender with a safety blanket; the presence of a pledged asset enables the lender to retrieve the asset if the borrower defaults on the loan payment. As a result of the exclusion of collateral in an unsecured business loan, the typical unsecured instrument will have a high interest rate, a short term, and a more stringent qualifying process. The lack of collateral in general makes the bank weary of lending to a business, therefore increasing the evaluation process associated with the transaction.
Secured Business Loans
A secured business loan is a type of loan that includes a source of collateral issued by the borrower. The collateral associated with a secured business loan can be any asset that represents a considerable amount of value or a value aligned with the amount of the loan. The inclusion of the collateral mitigates the lender’s exposure to risk. If the borrower defaults on the loan payments, the lender will take the collateral as a form of payment.
The majority of small business loans include collateral, and thus, operate under a secured agreement. The presence of collateral is vital to a lender. Small businesses aren’t typically established, making their ability to repay the loan somewhat cloudy.
Business Loan Calculator
A business loan calculator is a resource that should be utilized by all entities that are in the process of taking out a loan. The business loan calculator will offer, given the particulars of the agreement, a full breakdown of the loan. When all the information is inputted, the business loan calculator will offer a full monthly or yearly payment schedule associated with the loan. The principal, interest rate will be shown in accordance with the monthly or yearly payment schedule. The calculator will help an individual view the payments necessary to fulfill his or her loan obligation.
Short Term Business Loans
A short term business loan is given to companies in need of a quick influx of cash. Typically these loans are repaid within a period of as little as 90-120 days and as long as one to three years. Short term business loans are met with specific repayment plans. This simply means that the business in need of quick cash sets up a payment schedule that is aligned with their particular situation. For instance, if a company needs money while their inventory is in the process of being sold, the company will repay the lender once the product has been distributed.
Business Loans for Women
The acquisition of a business loan does not differentiate or waver based on gender. That being said, there are many Government programs that offer special loans or deals to female entrepreneurs who have established their own business model. The Office of Woman’s Business Ownership is the leading association to facilitate loans for businesswomen.
Business Loans for Minorities
Similar to gender, lending intuitions or banks do not discriminate based on race or ethnicity. That being said, to promote diversity in the workplace, many Government programs exist to facilitate the acquisition of a loan for minority business owners. The Minority Business Development Agency is the leading Government program to provide valuable information for minority business owners. Agencies such as this, offer resources to minority business owners in their pursuit of obtaining a business loan.
Business Loan Rates
As a result of the different types of loans available, there are a variety of loan rates present in the market. Each business loan carries an average loan rate; the loan rate is the amount of interest and the specifics associated with the business loan. All business loan rates are dependent on key factors, including the amount of the loan, the financial strength of the business, the length of the loan, the presence of collateral, and most importantly, the credit rates and history of the borrower.
How to get a Business Loan
Nearly every bank or lending company will offer a business loan. That being said, given the state of the economy, the application to receive a business loan has increased in detail to mitigate the exposure to risk of the lender.
To apply for a loan, the first step is figuring out which type of loan structure works best given your situation. When this is decided, you should contact various lending institutions, partake in the application process, and weigh the various rates offered. The application process is a qualification test; it will review your company’s business profile and your credit history to gauge the worthiness of the loan and the likelihood that you will pay it off in full.