Economic Opportunity Act Text

Economic Opportunity Act Text

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Economic Opportunity Act Text

FINDINGS AND DECLARATION OF PURPOSE SEC. 2. Although the economic well-being and prosperity of the United States have progressed to a level surpassing any achieved in world history, and although these benefits are widely shared throughout the Nation, poverty continues to be the lot of a substantial number of our people. The United States can achieve its full economic and social potential as a nation only if every individual has the opportunity to contribute to the full extent of his capabilities and to participate in the workings of our society. It is, therefore, the policy of the United States to eliminate the paradox of poverty in the midst of plenty in this Nation by opening to everyone the opportunity for education and training, the opportunity to work, and the opportunity to live in decency and dignity. It is the purpose of this Act to strengthen, supplement, and coordinate efforts in furtherance of that policy.

 


TITLE I--YOUTH PROGRAMS

 


PART A--JOB CORPS

 


STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

 


SEC. 101. The purpose of this part is to prepare for the responsibilities of citizenship and to increase the employability of young men and young women aged sixteen through twenty-one by providing them in rural and urban residential centers with education, vocational training, useful work experience, including work directed toward the conservation of natural resources, and other appropriate activities.

 


ESTABLISHMENT OF JOB CORPS

 


SEC. 102. In order to carry out the purposes of this part, there is hereby established within the Office of Economic Opportunity (hereinafter referred to as the "Office"), established by title VI, a Job Corps (herinafter referred to as the "Corps").

 


JOB CORPS PROGRAM

 


SEC. 103. The Director of the Office (herinafter referred to as the "Director") is authorized to--

 


(a) enter into agreements with any Federal, State, or local agency or private organization for the establishment and operation, in rural and urban areas, of conservation camps and training centers and for the provision of such facilities and services as in his judgment are needed to carry out the purposes of this part,. . . .

 


PART B--WORK-TRAINING PROGRAMS

 


STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

 


SEC. 111. The purpose of this part is to provide useful work experience opportunities for unemployed young men and young women, through participation in State and community work-training programs, so that their employability may be increased or their education resumed or continued and so that public agencies and private nonprofit organizations (other than political parties) will be enabled to carry out programs which will permit or contribute to an undertaking or service in the public interest that would not otherwise be provided, or will contribute to the conservation and development of natural resources and recreational areas. . . .

 


PART C--WORK-STUDY PROGRAMS

 


STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

 


The purpose of this part is to stimulate and promote the part-time employment of students in institutions of higher education who are from low-income families and are in need of the earnings from such employment to pursue courses of study at such institutions. . . .

 


TITLE II--URBAN AND RURAL COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS

 


PART A--GENERAL COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS

 


STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

 


SEC. 201. The purpose of this part is to provide stimulation and incentive for urban and rural communities to mobilize their resources to combat poverty through community action programs.

 


COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAMS

 


SEC. 202. (a) The term "community action program" means a program-- . . . .

 


(2) which provides services, assistance, and other activities of sufficient scope and size to give promise of progress toward elimination of poverty or a cause or causes of poverty through developing employment opportunities, improving human performance, motivation, and productivity, or bettering the conditions under which people live, learn, and work;

 


(3) which is developed, conducted, and administered with the maximum feasible participation of residents of the areas and members of the groups served; and

 


(4) which is conducted, administered, or coordinated by a public or private nonprofit agency (other than a political party), or a combination thereof.

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