Corporate finance is a specialty in finance that is concerned with the financial decisions that must be made by businesses. Corporate finance also accounts for the tools and analysis that a business should employ before reaching those decisions.
The main goal of corporate finance is to allow the company to maximize its corporate value while minimizing the financial risks to which the firm is exposed. Although there are theoretical differences between corporate finance and managerial finance, the first being concerned only with a high or low power finance corporation, the principles of each could be applied to the other.
A power finance corporation can use corporate finance to make both long and short term decisions, each of which require different techniques. A lower power finance corporation is forced to be more concerned with short term corporate finance, such as the balance of current assets and current liabilities. A more high power finance corporation which has enjoyed some success is more readily able to be concerned with long term corporate finance since they are more likely to have a cushion for their actions.
Corporate finance is associated with investment banking. An investment bank is used to evaluate a company’s financial needs and to raise the capital that is both an appropriate type and is able to satisfactorily meet those needs.