A futures contract is a specific type of deal made through brokerages, unlike regular stocks, investments, or bonds, which are direct security assets. Instead, a futures contract is when a specific share or amount of a particular asset is agreed upon for a projected date in the future. With this agreement, the amount that is to be paid is also a projected amount. Through brokerages, both parties can come to terms with what an appropriate amount for a specific asset will be with the current trends of the market.
During this agreement time, the brokerages are instrumental in supplying brokers to help iron out the terms and agreements to which both parties must agree and uphold. These can be issues such as the quantity of an asset, amount paid for an asset, final settlement date, and various other issues that can arise.
When it comes to the physical delivery of the assets for the futures contract, the assets are gathered by the seller and given to the brokerages. From there, the brokerage gives the assets to the buyer. This completes the transaction in a legitimate fashion and is relatively simple.
However, there are issues that can arise during a futures contract. If the assets are undeliverable because the seller has made a mistake in their promise, or if there is an issue and the seller or buyer must back out, these are all considerations that are taken care of through actions of the brokerages.
Brokerages attempt to minimize the risk of futures contracts by creating margins around the assets in order to keep extra funds should a transaction go wrong. Futures contracts are one of the more complicated but necessary transaction methods regarding brokerages and brokering transactions.